Tanzania is the cradle of mankind for it was here, in the Olduvai Geoge, that Dr Louis Leakey discovered the fossilized remains of Homo habilis, or( handy man) calculated to be 1.75 million years old and the forerunner of modern man. Tanzania was occupied by various African tribes most recently the Masai from Kenya, who have retained their proud traditions.
Arab merchants visited the coast some 2,000 years ago and settled in Zanzibar around the eighth century AD later establish trade routes into the interior. The intermarriage of Arabs and local people created a new people with their own language- Kiswahili ( Swahil ) whose word for Journey to Safari has become the International description of a trip into the Wild.
The Portuguese established temporary settlements in the 16th century, supplanted by the Omanies in the late 17th century who developed the infamous slave trade. The scramble of Africa by the European powers at the end of the 19thÂ century led to occupation of the mainland by Germany although Zanzibar become a British protectorate. After World War 1, Germany was forced to surrender its territory to the British. Tanganyika, as the mainland was then known, achieved independence in 1961. Zanzibar become independent two years later and shortly afterwards joined with the mainland to become the United Republic of Tanzania.